In La Rioja province, Argentina, an amazing proof of nature’s magnificence and beauty is situated. The Talampaya National Park is the most visited site of the region. What makes everyone so intrigued about this national park is its diverse rock formations that stand there in various shapes.
The name of Talampaya in Quechua (the official language in Bolivia and Peru) means the “dry riverbed of the Tala tree”. The stunning rock formations are now, where the Talampaya river used to run, later creating wonderful canyons in the Permian and Triassic periods once it dried.
The dry bed of the river used to be a place for some dinosaur species to live, so Talampaya is also an interesting place for searching some fossils. Also, there are some records of ancient inhabitants – caves, shelters, burials etc.. The rock formations, some of which reaches the height of 150 meters have been named based on their appearance and similarities. In the park, you will find rocks named “The Monk”, “The Tower”, “The Cathedral” and others.
One of the groups of formations is named “The Lost City” and is one of the most beautiful scenery of the whole park. The rock formations of this 2 km wide depression look much like old buildings, and obviously, this is where this area got its name.
In 2000, the value of the park (both archaeological and natural) was recognized by UNESCO as Talampaya was given the status of a World Heritage Site. Even though the rock formations are most likely to stand there for many centuries, the municipalities are bothered about some damage that might be done to the site that might enable some potential collapse; therefore you must book a guided tour if you want to visit the park.