La Boca is one of the most characteristic and most visited neighbourhoods of the city of Buenos Aires. The street ‘Caminito’ with its colourful houses and the football stadium of ‘Boca Juniors’ are two icons of this neighbourhood. Boca Juniors is one of the most successful football teams in Argentina and the world, having won more than 50 official titles to date.
The world famous Diego Maradona was a team member in 1981.
In 1882, after a lengthy general strike, La Boca seceded from Argentina, and the rebels raised the Genoese flag, which was immediately torn down personally by then President Julio Argentino Roca.
La Boca is a popular destination for tourists visiting Argentina, with its colourful houses and pedestrian street, the Caminito, where tango artists perform and tango-related memorabilia is sold. Other attractions include the La Ribera theatre, many tango clubs and Italian taverns.
It has also been a centre for radical politics, having elected the first socialist member of the Argentine Congress (Alfredo Palacios in 1935) and was home to many demonstrations during the crisis of 2001.
Initially, ‘La Boca’ was mainly inhabited by Italian immigrants.
“Later, from the mid-19th century, ‘La Boca’ was home to Spanish and Italian immigrants who worked in meat-packing plants and warehouses in the beef-shipping industry. They used leftover paint to color the corrugated metal they used for building their houses. ‘El Caminito’, whose name is derived from a Tango song, is the most famous street with these colourful houses”.