Chiclayo is the capital city of the Lambayeque region in northern Peru. It is located 13 kilometers inland from the Pacific coast and 770 kilometers from the nation’s capital, Lima. As of 2011, Chiclayo is the fourth most populous city in Peru with a population of 629,990 comprising 6 contiguous urban districts: Chiclayo, José Leonardo Ortiz, La Victoria, Pomalca, Reque and Pimentel; It is also the principal city of the fourth most populous metropolitan area of Peru.
Founded by Spanish explorers as “Santa María de los Valles de Chiclayo” in the 16th century, it was declared a city on 15 April 1835 by president Felipe Santiago Salaverry. He named Chiclayo “the Heroic City” to recognize the courage of its citizens in the fight for independence, a title it still holds. Other nicknames for Chiclayo include “The Capital of Friendship” and the “Pearl of the North”.
Currently, Chiclayo is one of the most important urban areas of Peru. It is now the country’s fourth-largest city, after Lima, Arequipa, and Trujillo. The city has a population of 738,000, while the metropolitan area has a population of 972,713 (2009 – World-Gazetteer.com). The city was founded near an important prehistoric archaeological site, the Northern Wari ruins, which constitute the remains of a city from the 7th- to 12th-century Wari Empire.
Chiclayo has a warm and very dry desert climate with the sun shining all year around. Since the city of Chiclayo is located in a tropical zone near the Equator, the weather should be hot, humid, and rainy, but it is sub-tropical, pleasant temperature, dry and rainy; this is due to the strong winds called “cyclones” that lower temperature to a moderate climate for most of the year except in the summer months where the temperature rises, so summer is often spent in resorts like Puerto Eten and Pimentel. Periodically, every 7, 10, 15, years are high temperatures, with regular rainfall and extreme rise of river water.