Krasnodar

Krasnodar (Russian: Краснодар) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kuban River about 148 kilometers (92 mi) northeast of the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk. Population: 744,995 (2010 Census); 646,175 (2002 Census); 620,516 (1989 Census). The city originated as a fortress built by Cossacks to defend imperial borders…

Krasnoyarsk

Krasnoyarsk (Russian: Красноярск) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River. It is the third largest city in Siberia after Novosibirsk and Omsk, with a population of 973,826 (2010 Census). Krasnoyarsk is an important junction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and one of Russia’s largest producers of aluminium.…

Volgograd

Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д), formerly Tsaritsyn (Russian: Цари́цын​), 1589–1925, and Stalingrad (Russian: Сталингра́д​), 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 kilometers (50 mi) long, north to south. It is situated on the western bank of the Volga River. The population is 1,021,215 (2010 Census) 1,011,417 (2002…

Ufa

Ufa (Russian: Уфа, Bashkir: Өфө, Öfö, pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic. Population: 1,062,319 (2010 Census); 1,042,437 (2002 Census); 1,082,052 (1989 Census). The city began as a fortress built on the orders of Ivan the Terrible in 1574,…

Rostov-on-Don

Rostov-on-Don (Russian: Росто́в-на-Дону́, tr. Rostov-na-Donu) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia. It lies to the southeast of the East European Plain, on the Don River, 32 kilometers (20 mi) from the Sea of Azov. The southwestern suburbs of the city abut the Don…

Chelyabinsk

Chelyabinsk (Russian: Челябинск) is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the northeast of the oblast, 210 kilometers (130 mi) south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River, on the border of Europe and Asia. Population: 1,130,132 (2010 Census); 1,077,174 (2002 Census); 1,141,777…

Omsk

Omsk (Russian: Омск, [omsk]) is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast, Russia, located in southwestern Siberia 2,236 kilometers (1,389 mi) from Moscow. With a population of 1,154,116, it is Russia’s second-largest city east of the Ural Mountains after Novosibirsk, and seventh by size nationally. During the Imperial era, Omsk was the seat…

Kazan

Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь, Tatar Cyrillic: Казан, Latin: Qazan) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. With a population of 1,143,535, it is the eighth most populous city in Russia. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in European Russia. The Kazan Kremlin is a World Heritage…

Samara

Samara (Russian: Самара, IPA: [sɐˈmarə]), known from 1935 to 1991 as Kuybyshev (Куйбышев), is the sixth largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Samara Oblast. It is situated in the southeastern part of European Russia at the confluence of the Volga and Samara Rivers on the east bank of the Volga. The Volga…

Nizhny Novgorod

Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: Нижний Новгород), colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is, with a population of 1,250,615, the fifth largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky (Горький,), after the writer Maxim Gorky who was born there. The city is an important economic, transportation…