Manaus

In 1669, the Portuguese colonizers founded the Fort of São José do Rio Negro, which gave rise to the future capital of Amazonas. The Manaus Indians occupied both banks of the low Negro river and formed the most important ethnic group in the area of influence of the Fort. Until the 1860’s – when the…

Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌbɛloɾiˈzõtʃi], lit. “Beautiful Horizon”) is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, located in the southeastern region of the country. As of 2013, the municipality’s population is 2,479,175, making it the most populous city in Minas Gerais state and the sixth most populous city in the country. However…

Fortaleza

Fortaleza (Portuguese pronunciation: [foʁtaˈlezɐ], Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. With a population close to 2.55 million (metropolitan region over 3.6 million), Fortaleza is the 5th largest city in Brazil. It has an area of 313 square kilometres (121 sq mi) and the highest demographic density in the country (8,001…

Brasilia

Brasília (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziljɐ]) is the federal capital of Brazil and the capital of the Federal District. The city is located along the Brazilian Highlands on the country’s Central-West region. It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital. Brasília had an estimated population of 2,789,761 in 2013, making it…

Salvador, Bahia

Salvador (Saviour, often colloquially Salvador da Bahia, Brazilian Portuguese: [sawvaˈdoʁ (da baˈi.a); historic name: São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos, in English: “City of the Holy Saviour of the Bay of all Saints”) is the largest city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the Northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia.…

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (/ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛəroʊ/, /deɪ ʒəˈnɛəroʊ/, /deɪ dʒəˈnɛəroʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒɐˈnejɾu], January River), commonly referred to simply as Rio, is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million…

São Paulo

São Paulo (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpawlu] ( listen)) is a state in Brazil. It is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Brazilian economy. Named after Saint Paul, São Paulo has the largest population, industrial complex, and economic production in the country. It is the richest state in Brazil. The capital, São Paulo, is…