Caloocan

image

The City of Caloocan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Caloocan) is one of the cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Located north to northeast of the City of Manila, Caloocan is the country’s third most populous city with a population of 1,489,040 as of the 2010 census.
Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City, Meycauayan City and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Caloocan’s northern part is much larger than its southern half.
The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andrés Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city’s perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.
In 1899 the city saw heavy fighting in the Philippine–American War, at the Battle of Caloocan and the Second Battle of Caloocan.
The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means “innermost area”. The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.