Atlantic Forest

It extends inland to eastern Paraguay and the province of Misiones in northeastern Argentina, and narrowly along the coast into Uruguay. Also included in this hotspot is the offshore archipelago of Fernando de Noronha and several other islands off the Brazilian coast. Long isolated from other major rainforest blocks in South America, the Atlantic Forest…

Sacred Valley

The Sacred Valley of the Incas or the Urubamba Valley is a valley in the Andes of Peru, close to the Inca capital of Cusco and the ancient city of Machu Picchu. It is located in the present-day Peruvian region of Cusco. In colonial documents it is referred to as the “Valley of Yucay.” According…

Iquitos

Iquitos is the largest city in the Peruvian rainforest and the fifth-largest city of Peru. It is also the capital city of the Loreto Region and Maynas Province. Located in the Amazon Basin, the city is along the Amazon, Nanay and Itaya rivers. Its name in Iquito language translates to the people. The city proper…

Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park

Only an hour from Cuiabá, the Chapada dos Guimarães is a stunningly beautiful mountainous region situated on one of the planet’s oldest tectonic plates. While the tiny eponymous town is pretty—and the nexus for Brazilian New Age types—the surrounding region, with its rugged cliffs, plunging canyons, and abundant waterfalls, is the real draw. Arid scrubland…

Lençóis Maranhenses National Park

The Lençóis Maranhenses National Park (Parque Nacional dos Lençóis Maranhenses) is located in Maranhão state, in northeastern Brazil, just east of the Baía de São José, between 02º19’—02º45’ S and 42º44’—43º29’ W. It is an area of low, flat, occasionally flooded land, overlaid with large, discrete sand dunes. It encompasses roughly 1500 square kilometers, and…

Puno, Peru

Puno is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca. It is the capital city of the Puno Region and the Puno Province with a population of approximately 100,000. Though it may not be revered as one of the most beautiful of Peruvian cities, Puno does have a lot going for…

Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

Island of Santa Catarina is part of the municipality of Florianópolis and is located in the Atlantic Ocean, the coast south of Brazil, in the center of the coast of the State of Santa Catarina , between latitudes 27 ° south and longitude 48 ° west . It is about 54 km long (north-south) by…

Jericoacoara

Jericoacoara is a virgin beach hidden behind the dunes of the west coast of Jijoca de Jericoacoara, Ceará, Brazil. Selected by The Washington Post as one of the Top 10 most beautiful beaches in the world, nicknamed Jeri, consists of blue lagoons, calm seas and huge dunes. In 1984, the area around Jericoacoara was declared…

Trancoso, Bahia

Trancoso is a town in the municipality of Porto Seguro in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The region was the landing point of the Portuguese explorer, Pedro Alvares Cabral onto Brazil, on April 21, 1500. It was founded by Jesuit Priests on 1583, with the name São João Baptista dos Indios. Shaped as a rectangle,…