Located in the southern part of Anhui Province, Mount Huangshan (The Yellow Mountains) extend across four counties – Shexian, Yixian, Taiping and Xiuning. They rose above the earth surface as a result of movement of the earth’s crust over a hundred million years ago. Later they underwent the erosion of Quaternary glaciation and have gradually become what they are today. Magnificent sceneries of Mt. Huangshan make it a very famous tourist destination in the world.
Mount Huangshan, formerly called Mt. Yishan in the Qin Dynasty are really a marvel: within an area of 154 square kilometers there is a crowd of peaks, 72 of which have names indicating the shapes they resemble. Lotus, Brightness Apex and Celestial Capital are the three major ones, all rising above 1,800 meters. The mountains are a body of granite, often with vertical joints. Erosion and fracture contributed to shape the rocks into huge columns, giving rise to lofty peaks and deep ravines.
When it is cloudy the pinnacles loom in mists as if they were illusionary, while the sun is shining they unfold in all their majesty and splendour. The Yellow Mountains change their colour and appearance with the alternation of seasons. In spring blooming flowers decorate the slopes in a riot of colour and fill the valleys with fragrance; in summer you see verdured peaks rising one upon another and hear springs gurgling merrily. Autumn dresses the mountains in red and purple as maples are all blazing-red; winter turns them into a world of frost and ice with silver boughs and rocks everywhere. So from ancient times it has been frequented by tourists seeking their mystery and admiring their frequented by tourists seeking their mystery and admiring their scenery. They come to the conclusion that the fantastic pines, the grotesque rocks, the sea of clouds and the hot springs are the four major attractions of the Yellow Mountains.
There are more than 1500 species of plants, of which trees comprise one third. So Mount Huangshan occupies an important place in China’s botanical research. Here you will find century-old pines, firs, ginkgoes, Chinese torreyas, Chinese sweet gums , nanmus, camphor woods and the precious Magua trees, remnants of the glacial era. Mt. Huangshan abounds in flowering plants; many of them are rare ones, such as Goddess Flower the Yellow Mountains Azalea as well as camellia, plum, lily, crape myrtle, orchid, Spring Heralding Flower and so on. It has a rich store of medicinal herbs; more than 300 kinds are found here; the notable ones being glossy ganoderma ginseng, Chinese gold thread rhizome and chinese cinnamon. Maofeng tea of Mount Huangshan is well known at home and abroad.
Mount Huangshan also provide the natural habitat for a wide variety of fauna. Among the animals there are monkeys, goats, deer and Davids deer There are rare birds such as the red-billed leiothrix, the silver pheasant, the octave-tone bird and the oriole, all good singers. The red-billed leiothrix (called “love birds” in Chinese) are so lovely that they have become favorites of foreign tourists and are exported by pairs. Besides, chukkar from the streams is good to make delicious dishes with. The temperature in Mount Huangshan is agreeable all the year round. It is cool in summer, averaging 20℃ at the North Sea Guest-house ( 1 ,630 metres above sea) and 25℃ at Hot Spring (630 metres above sea) in July (the hottest month). As clouds often shut out the sun, hot weather never stays long, and this makes Mt. Huangshan an ideal summer resort.